CANNABIS

Cannabis

Please note:  We do not sell any form of illegal substance.  We have a network of pharmacies in QLD, NSW, and ACT should your doctor require a dispensing pharmacist for legal medical Cannabis in these states.  Please email us to arrange an appointment.

 

The Cannabis Plant has a history of medicinal use dating back thousands of years.  Medical cannabis may have several potentially beneficial effects.  Cannabinoids have been used as appetite stimulants, anti emetics, antispasmodics and as an analgesic for chronic pain. The drug may also aid in treating symptoms of HIV.  Many patients and carers claim that cannabis is a safer and more effective option than opioid analgesics in a palliative care situation.  Cannabis is administered in a variety  of dosage forms such as flower bud, resin, hash, wax, oil, edible foods, infusions, and others.  It can be smoked, vaporized, eaten, dabbed, and more.
 
The Cannabis plant has a number of active ingredients which may be released for therapeutic benefit.  For centuries the plant has been smoked via combustion of the dried flower buds and inhaled.  As western medicine has started to take an interest in the medicinal components of this plant we have seen a development in the way cannabis is being administered in countries such as Canada, Israel, and the United States of America.

In Australia, the most popular method of administration currently is via oil extracts administered orally.  Within this group, CBD infused oil is probably the most common cannabis derived medication.  MEED is currently in the process of obtaining the state and federal approvals to supply a patient with a CBD product in the state of Queensland.  As of the 1st of March 2017 (The day QLD laws changed to allow wider access to Cannabis medications) only two prescribers had been approved in the entire state.  

 

 We are currently working with Elixinol to bring their products to the Australian market.  Once we develop a streamlined process within Australian state and Federal  regulations, we aim to help patients and prescribers with their application and supply of Cannabis based medication.  

 
Vaporization of dried flower buds has recently become the method of choice for medical marijuana users in legalized countries due to the ability to set a vaporizer temperature which targets the active ingredients that may help treat an ailment of choice.  Lab testing has shown that Cannabis smoke contains only about 10% cannabinoids, with the remaining 90% being unwanted  products of combustion.  Vaporized Cannabis is estimated to be about 95% cannabinoid, and lower temperatures result in less damage to valuable active ingredients when compared to combustion.  Most desirable compounds for medicinal purposes vaporize at a temperature between 150 and 220 degrees Celsius.  Vaporizing a sample of flower bud at chosen temperatures may pin point, or avoid both desirable, and undesirable effects should the patient choose to do so.  Lower temperatures (Below 190 °C) tend to result in more of a heady, euphoric effect, whilst higher temperatures (Above 190 °C) tend to have more effect on relaxing the body. Flavonoids and Terpenoids are less publicized active ingredients responsible for the look, taste and smell of each different Cannabis strain.  The scent of Cinnamon, Cloves and Menthol are well known examples of terpenoids.  Aroma seems to reveal a lot about the character of the dried herb according to long term patients.  They are also thought to have secondary health benefits, in a symbiotic relationship with other actives.
 
Experimentation with vaporizer temperature settings is the only real way for patients to determine which treatment level works best for their illness.  The ideal temperature to extract a wide range of psychoactive compounds is reported to be 185 °C.
 
The vaporization point and reported therapeutic effects of active ingredients of Cannabis are listed below from lowest to highest temperature. 

Beta-sitosterol - 134 °C
A flavonoid believed to have anti-inflammatory effects.
Alpha-terpinol - 156 °C
A terpenoid believed to be an antioxidant, sedative, antibiotic and anti-malarial.  
THC - 157 °C
The most famous cannabinoid. Believed to have both euphoric and analgesic effects, inducing a  sense of deep relaxation.
CBD - 160 - 180 °C
Recently the most desirable cannabinoid for medical users, due to its broad range of application to many conditions. CBD also antagonizes some of the negative effects of THC, countering feelings of anxiety and paranoia in many patients.
Beta-myrcene - 167 °C
a terpenoid compound thought to be analgesic, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory.
Delta-3-carene - 168 °C
A terpenoid thought to have anti-inflammatory properties.
Delta-8-THC - 177 °C
A cannabinoid very similar to THC, but more stable and less psychoactive in it's nature. Thought to be a great anti-emetic, and may be why cannabis medications are strongly desired by cancer patients. 
1,8-cineole - 176 °C
A terpenoid thought to increase cerebral blood flow, used as a stimulant, and possibly anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic in nature.
D-limonene - 177 °C
A terpenoid reported to have anti-mutagenic, and antidepressant properties.  It may also enhance the immune system.
P-cymene - 177 °C
A terpenoid thought to be antibiotic and anticandidal in nature.
Apigenin - 178 °C
A flavenoid thought to be estrogenic, anxiolytic and anti-inflammatory in nature.
Cannflavin A - 182 °C
A flavonoid thought to be a COX inhibitor (non steroidal anti inflammatory agent similar to aspirin)
CBN - 185 °C
A cannabinoid found in quite small amounts, but highly associated with sedation.  Thought to aid the breakdown of THC. 
Linalool - 198 °C
A terpenoid thought to have antidepressant, sedative and immune boosting effects.
Beta-caryophyllene - 199 °C
A terpenoid thought to be anti-inflammatory and anti-malarial in nature.
Terpinol-4-ol - 209 °C
A terpenoid thought to have antibiotic and AChE inhibiting effects.
Borneol - 210 °C
A terpenoid thought to have antibiotic properties.
Alpha-terpineol - 217 °C
A terpenoid believed to have sedative, antibiotic, antioxidant and AChE inhibiting effects.
CBC - 220 °C
A cannabinoid thought to have anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties.
THCV - 220 °C
A cannabinoid thought to moderate the psychoactive effects of THC.  Unfortunately more scientific research is required before this can be confirmed.
Pulegone - 224 °C
A terpenoid with sedative and potential memory boosting activity.

 
 
Dry Cannabis may start to combust at around 200 °C. The maximum heat that Cannabis can tolerate before starting to burn is said to be around 230 °C.  This depends on the moisture level of the dried flower bud.

 

Bone dry cannabis is reported to vaporize much faster than semi dried plant material, running the risk of flash boiling active ingredients, eliminating taste and flavor. Unfortunately there is no guide outlining how to properly vaporize medication according to humidity level.  Most patients have been observed reducing the temperature of their vaporizer as their medication becomes drier.

 

Medical Cannabis that is very high in moisture can sometimes be hard to release desirable cannabinoids also. It is common practice in the USA to do what‘s called a flavonoid run. By setting the vaporizer at a temperature around 138 – 148 °C it is possible to produce flavonoid vapor, whilst slowly drying the Cannabis. After this the cannabis is usually dry enough to vaporize THC and other cannabinoids effectively at a slightly higher temperature.

 

 

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